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The strength of the land and the missing rains.: Environmental change in Goima, Tanzania, and farmers' growing concerns.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
2008 (English)In: Exploring farmers' perceptions of drought in Tanzania and Ethiopia, Wageningen University , 2008, 129-150 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Two studies among Burunge farmers disclosed a striking difference in their perception of environmental stress over a period of fifteen years. Environmental history of the region helps to explain how a Burunge mode of relating to natural resources evolved. Dramatic changes in official land policies in the 1970s did not in essence change this. However, the accumulative effects of rapid immigration to their area and liberalised land use made Burunge farmers to move from an essentially trustful relationship to their environment to become deeply concerned over increased drought, diminishing soil fertility and accelerated soil erosion. The increased concerns over these issues emerged over the past ten to fifteen years and coincide with the period over which farmers perceive an increased rainfall variability and drought severity. Drought was not just understood in meteorological terms but also as a function of disappearing forests and declining conditions of the land.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wageningen University , 2008. 129-150 p.
Keyword [en]
Drought perception, land management, environmental history, deforestation, land degradation, Burunge, Kondoa
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-15315OAI: diva2:181835
Available from: 2008-11-27 Created: 2008-11-27Bibliographically approved

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Östberg, Wilhelm
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