Glaciar Leon, Chilean Patagonia: late-Holocene chronology and geomorphology
2008 (Swedish)In: Holocene, ISSN 0959-6836, Vol. 18, no 4, 643-652 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Glaciar Leon is a temperate, grounded outlet of the eastern North Patagonian Icefield (NPI). It terminates at an active calving margin in Lago Leones, a 10 km long proglacial lake. We take a multidisciplinary approach to its description and use ASTER imagery and clast sedimentology to describe the geomorphology of the glacier and its associated moraines. We date periods of glacier retreat over the last 2500 years using a combination of lichenometric, dendrochronological, cosmogenic and optically stimulated luminescence techniques and show that the glacier receded from a large terminal moraine complex some 2500 years ago and underwent further significant recession from nineteenth-century moraine limits. The moraine dates indicate varying retreat rates, in conjunction with significant downwasting. The bathymetry of Lago Leones is characterized by distinct ridges interpreted as moraine ridges that dissect the lake into several basins, with water depths reaching 360 m. The fluctuations of Glaciar Leon appear to have been controlled by the interplay between climatic forcing and calving dynamics.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 18, no 4, 643-652 p.
SOUTH-AMERICA; COSMOGENIC NUCLIDES; LATE PLEISTOCENE; SOLER GLACIER; ICEFIELD; FLUCTUATIONS; LUMINESCENCE; SINGLE; QUARTZ; LICHENOMETRY
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-15442DOI: doi:10.1177/0959683607086771ISI: 000256882300012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-15442DiVA: diva2:181962