Nutrient budgets for European seas: A measure of the effectiveness of nutrient reduction policies.
2008 (English)In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, ISSN 0025-326X, E-ISSN 1879-3363, Vol. 56, no 9, 1609-1617 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Socio-economic development in Europe has exerted increasing pressure on the marine environment. Eutrophication, caused by nutrient enrichment, is evident in regions of all European seas. Its severity varies but has, in places, adversely impacted socio-economic activities. This paper aims to evaluate the effectiveness of recently adopted policies to reduce anthropogenic nutrient inputs to European seas. Nitrogen and phosphorus budgets were constructed for three different periods (prior to severe eutrophication, during severe eutrophication and contemporary) to capture changes in the relative importance of different nutrient sources in four European seas suffering from eutrophication (Baltic Proper, coastal North Sea, Northern Adriatic and North-Western Black Sea Shelf). Policy success is evident for point sources, notably for P in the Baltic and North Seas, but reduction of diffuse sources has been more problematic.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 56, no 9, 1609-1617 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-15600DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2008.05.027ISI: 000259768100022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-15600DiVA: diva2:182120
Addresses: 1. Univ Padua, Dept Chem Proc Engn, I-35131 Padua, Italy 2. Alfred Wegener Inst Polar & Marine Res, D-27570 Bremerhaven, Germany 3. Free Univ Amsterdam, Inst Environm Studies, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands 4. The Lab, Sir Alister Fdn Ocean Sci, Plymouth PL1 2PB, Devon England 5. Univ Plymouth, Inst Marine, Plymouth PL4 8AA, Devon England 6. Stockholm Univ, Dept Syst Ecol, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden 7. Stockholm Univ, Dept Appl Environm Sci, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden 8. Leibniz Inst Balt Sea Res, D-18119 Rostock, Germany2008-12-062008-12-062013-06-19Bibliographically approved