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External radiation doses from 137Cs to frog phantoms in a wetland area: in situ measurements and dose model calculations.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology.
2008 (English)In: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics, Vol. 47, no 4, 481-489 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For assessment of external radiation doses to frogs in a wetland area contaminated with (137)Cs, frog phantoms were constructed from polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA). The frog phantoms contained thermoluminescence (TL) chips and were used in situ at two study sites to measure doses. To test if higher doses are received by the sensitive skin of frogs, extra-thin TL chips were applied close to the surface of the frog phantoms. In addition, the measured doses were compared with those calculated on the basis of soil sample data from the wetland multiplied with dose-conversion coefficients from the US Department of Energy's RESRAD-BIOTA code and from the ERICA assessment tool. Measured doses were generally lower than those calculated to ellipsoids used to model frogs. Higher doses were measured at the frog phantoms' surfaces in comparison to inner parts at one of the two sites indicating that the frogs' thin skin could receive a higher radiation dose than expected. In the efforts to assure protection of non-human biota, in situ measurements with phantoms provide valuable dose information and input to dose models in site-specific risk assessments of areas contaminated with radionuclides.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 47, no 4, 481-489 p.
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-15624ISI: 000259997000009OAI: diva2:182144
Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University. Department of Radiation Physics, Linköping University.Available from: 2008-12-07 Created: 2008-12-07 Last updated: 2011-01-10Bibliographically approved

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