Products and Kinetics of the Liquid-Phase Reaction of Glyoxal Catalyzed by Ammonium Ions (NH4+)
2009 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, ISSN 1089-5639, Vol. 113, no 1, 231-237 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Glyoxal, a common atmospheric gas, has been reported to be depleted in some regions of the atmosphere. The corresponding sink could be accounted for by reactions in or at the surface of atmospheric particles, but these reactions were not identified. Recently, we showed that inorganic ammonium ions, NH4+, are efficient catalysts for reactions of carbonyl compounds, including glyoxal, in the liquid phase. To determine whether ammonium-catalyzed reactions can contribute to depletion of glyoxal in the atmosphere, the reactivity of this compound in aqueous solutions containing ammonium salts (ammonium sulfate, chloride, fluoride, and phosphate) at 298 K has been studied. The products identified by LC-HRMS and UV absorption revealed a mechanism involving two distinct pathways: a Bronsted acid pathway and an iminium pathway. The kinetics of the iminium pathway was studied by monitoring formation of a specific product. This pathway was second order in glyoxal in most of the solutions studied and should therefore be second order in most ammonium containing aerosols in the atmosphere. The corresponding rate constant, kII (M-1 s-1), increased strongly with ammonium ion activity, aNH4+, and pH:
kII (M-1 s-1) ) (2 ( 1) × 10-10 exp(1.5 ( 0.8)aNH4+ exp(2.5 ( 0.2)pH.
This iminium pathway is a lower limit for the ammonium-catalyzed consumption of glyoxal, but the contribution of the acid pathway is expected to be small in tropospheric aerosols. With these results the reactive uptake of glyoxal on ammonium-containing aerosols was estimated and shown to be a possible explanation for the depletion of this compound in Mexico City.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society , 2009. Vol. 113, no 1, 231-237 p.
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences Physical Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-15750DOI: 10.1021/jp8078293ISI: 000262140100031OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-15750DiVA: diva2:182270