Preadolescent and early adolescent best friendships and adulthood adjustment: A follow-up study of girls from age 10 to age 43
2008 (English)In: International Journal of Psychology Research, ISSN 1932-6092, Vol. 3, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study included 445 females from the Swedish longitudinal research program Individual Development and Adaptation (IDA). Sociometric rank-ordering measures were used at age 10 and 13 to identify a group of girls with a reciprocal best friendship relation at both ages and a group of girls that were friendless at both ages. These two stable friendship groups were followed up and compared in their early and middle adulthood adjustment. At middle adulthood, girls with a best friend had achieved a higher education and more qualified jobs than friendless girls. Friended girls also reported a better general health. For other midlife adjustment areas, like social relations and subjective well-being, no significant associations were found. For example, women in the friendless group did not report higher alcohol consumption than other women. In contrast, register findings from young adulthood showed that friendless women had more drinking problems than the friended group. In an additional statistical analysis, childhood control variables (aggression, withdrawal, SES, and academic achievement) were inserted with the result that some of the significant findings between close friendship and adulthood adjustment disappeared.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 3, no 4
adolescent friendship, adulthood adjustment, sociometric, follow-up
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-16295OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-16295DiVA: diva2:182815