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In the Eye of the Beholder, or Are RYBA and MJASO Antonyms?: On Enantiosemy and Imaginary Opposites
2008 (English)In: Scando-Slavica, ISSN 0080-6765, Vol. 54, 159-178 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Enantiosemy is usually seen as a peculiar and infrequent case of polysemy in

which some sense of a word is somehow the opposite of another sense of the

same word. While arguing against this common sense-defying view fed by

objectivist semantics, the article develops an alternative account of enantiosemy

based on conceptual analysis of lexical units and the notion of linguistic

meaning as conceptualization. It shows that enantiosemy, far from being

rare or whimsical, is a vastly productive cognitive mechanism of “meaning

creation”. This account explicitly appeals to the “speaker’s stance in the language”

(E. Benveniste), or the speaker as a sovereign instance of meaning

production. It can also be seen as one of the steps towards a new, conceptually

based typology of lexical units in which their combinatorial properties and

grammatical behavior, hence the limits of the speaker’s exploitations of lexical

units pro domo sua, are viewed as motivated by their conceptual structure.

The article includes a number of multilingual analytical examples while maintaining

a contrastive perspective for those taken from languages other than

Russian, in accord with lexicographic interests of the author.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 54, 159-178 p.
Keyword [en]
enantiosemy, cognitive semantics, conceptual analysis
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Specific Languages
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-16385OAI: diva2:182905
Available from: 2008-12-17 Created: 2008-12-17 Last updated: 2011-01-10Bibliographically approved

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