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Fear of blood, injury, and injections, and its relationship to dental anxiety and probability of avoiding dental treatment among 18-year-olds in Norway
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
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2008 (English)In: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, ISSN 0960-7439, Vol. 18, no 3, 163-169 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: More knowledge about the relationship between blood–injury–injection phobia (BIIP) and dental anxiety (DA) may give new clinically relevant information in the assessment and management of children with DA.

Objective: The aims of this study were to explore the relationships between BIIP and DA, and to explore to what extent the two subtypes of BIIP in combination with DA are related to self-reported probability of avoiding dental treatment if a dental injection is needed.

Methods: The subjects were a random sample of 1385 18-year-olds attending high schools in a county of Norway, and the data were collected by use of questionnaires completed in classrooms. The survey instruments applied were Dental Fear Survey, Injection Phobia Scale-Anxiety, and Mutilation Questionnaire.

Results: About 11% of the subjects with DA and subtypes of BIIP, respectively, reported high probability of avoiding dental treatment in a situation where a dental injection was possibly needed. In multiple regression analysis, only DA contributed to self-reports of high probability of avoiding dental treatment.

Conclusion: The results indicate that among adolescents, BIIP is relatively often connected with DA. Clinical implications are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 18, no 3, 163-169 p.
Keyword [en]
blood-injury-injection phobia, dental anxiety, dental avoidance, adolescents
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-17339DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1365-263X.2007.00904.xISI: 000254612600002OAI: diva2:183860
Available from: 2009-01-13 Created: 2009-01-13 Last updated: 2011-01-10Bibliographically approved

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Öst, Lars-Göran
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