Differential patterns of evolution and distribution of the symbiotic behaviour in nostocacean cyanobacteria.
2008 (English)In: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol, ISSN 1466-5026, Vol. 58, no Pt 3, 553-64 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Many cyanobacteria commonly identified as belonging to the genus Nostoc are well-known cyanobionts (symbionts) of a wide variety of plants and fungi. They form symbioses with bryophytes, pteridophytes, gymnosperms and angiosperms that are considerably different in the type of reciprocal interaction between the host and the cyanobiont. The phylogenetic and taxonomic relationships among cyanobionts isolated from different hosts and Nostoc strains isolated from free-living conditions are still not well understood. We compared phylogeny and morphology of symbiotic cyanobacteria originating from different host plants (genera Gunnera, Azolla, Cycas, Dioon, Encephalartos, Macrozamia and Anthoceros) with free-living Nostoc isolates originating from different habitats. After preliminary clustering with ARDRA (amplified rDNA restriction analysis), phylogeny was reconstructed on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequences and compared with morphological characterization, obtaining several supported clusters. Two main Nostoc clusters harboured almost all cyanobionts of Gunnera, Anthoceros and of several cycads, together with free-living strains of the species Nostoc muscorum, Nostoc calcicola, Nostoc edaphicum, Nostoc ellipsosporum and strains related to Nostoc commune. We suggest that the frequent occurrence of symbiotic strains within these clusters is explained by the intensive hormogonia production that was observed in many of the strains studied. However, no evidence for discrimination between symbiotic and free-living strains, either by molecular or morphological approaches, could be found. Sequences of Azolla cyanobiont filaments, taken directly from leaf cavities, clustered tightly with sequences from the planktic cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii, from the benthic Anabaena cylindrica 133 and from Anabaena oscillarioides HINDAK 1984/43, with high bootstrap values. The phylogenetic analysis showed that two distinct patterns of evolution of symbiotic behaviour might exist for the nostocacean cyanobacteria, one leading to symbioses of Nostoc species with a wide variety of plants, the other leading to the association of a unique cyanobacterial type with the water fern Azolla.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 58, no Pt 3, 553-64 p.
Angiosperms/microbiology, Bacterial Typing Techniques, Bryophyta/microbiology, Cycadophyta/microbiology, DNA; Bacterial/analysis, DNA; Ribosomal/analysis, Evolution; Molecular, Fatty Acids/analysis, Ferns/microbiology, Genes; rRNA, Molecular Sequence Data, Nostoc/*classification/*genetics/growth & development, Nostoc muscorum/genetics/growth & development, Phylogeny, Plants/*classification/*microbiology, RNA; Ribosomal; 16S/genetics, Restriction Mapping, Sequence Analysis; DNA, Symbiosis/genetics, Zamiaceae/microbiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-17460ISI: 000254603700005PubMedID: 18319454OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-17460DiVA: diva2:183981