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Intrinsically Motivated Qigong Exercisers are More Concentrated and Less Stressful
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2008 (English)In: American Journal of Chinese Medicine, ISSN 0192-415X, Vol. 36, no 6, 1051-1060 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Low-intensity qigong exercise has been suggested as an alternative to more vigorous exercise when striving for health benefits. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether self-determined motivation and perceived stress are related to concentration during exercise, and to the amount of exercise carried out. Leisure-time qigong exercisers (n = 279) were assessed by using the Sport Motivation Scale, Stress and Energy Scale, and by self-rated Concentration. Exercise sessions per week, Session time, and ability to Set a time for exercise, and perceived Disturbance during exercise were also recorded. Participants who were in a Calm energy mood (low-stress, high-energy, able to set a time for exercise), displayed an increased Concentration on qi-flow (R<sup>2</sup> = 0.13) during exercise. An elevated stress-level correlated negatively with Health, Energy, Concentration, Sessions per week, Session time, Sessions performed during the previous week, ability to Set a time for exercise, and feeling Undisturbed during exercise (all p < 0.01). Intrinsic motivation was positively correlated with Concentration (0.24, p < 0.01) and negatively correlated with Stress (-0.19, p < 0.05). Individuals who adhere to a regular qigong exercise regimen are more intrinsically motivated, less stressed, and more concentrated while exercising than those who do not adhere to a regular regime. This suggests that health-professionals need to be aware of these factors when prescribing qigong exercise for health benefits.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 36, no 6, 1051-1060 p.
Keyword [en]
energy, motivation, Qigong exercise, self-determination, stress
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-17552ISI: 000261390000004PubMedID: 19051335OAI: diva2:184073
Available from: 2009-01-16 Created: 2009-01-16 Last updated: 2011-01-10Bibliographically approved

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Hassmén, Peter
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