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(Re)use of place features in voiced stop systems:: Role of phonetic constraints
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. fonetik.
2008 (English)In: Proceedings FONETIK 2008Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [en]

Computational experiments focused on place of articulation in voiced stops were designed to

generate ‘optimal’ inventories of CV syllables from a larger set of ‘possible CV:s’ in the presence

of independently and numerically defined articulatory, perceptual and developmental

constraints. Across vowel contexts the most salient places were retroflex, palatal and uvular.

This was evident from acoustic measurements and perceptual data. Simulation results using

the criterion of perceptual contrast alone failed to produce systems with the typologically widely

attested set [b] [d] [g], whereas using articulatory cost as the sole criterion produced inventories

in which bilabial, dental/alveolar and velar onsets formed the core. Neither perceptual

contrast, nor articulatory cost, (nor the two combined), produced a consistent re-use of

place features (‘phonemic coding’). Only systems constrained by ‘target learning’ exhibited

a strong recombination of place features.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
fonemets fonetiska grund
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-17566OAI: diva2:184087
Giampiero Salvis adress: KTH, Dept of Speech Music and Hearing, SE 10044 Stockholm Randy Diehl & Sang-Hoon Park: Dept of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USAAvailable from: 2009-01-16 Created: 2009-01-16 Last updated: 2011-01-10Bibliographically approved

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Lindblom, Björn
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