This study applies a general theory about the content and
structure of values on characteristics of learning environments, reported by 14-years old students. The IEA- civic education study collected data from 70 thousand students in 24 countries. The items in the IEA Civic Education Study concerning characteristics of learning environment, attitudes and
behaviour have been analysed on the basis of the theoretical model. The 37 items were reduced to eight factors (political self-efficacy, self-efficacy at school, participation, stimulation of engagement, stimulation of traditional citizenship, stimulation of communication, freedom and diversity, curriculum reproduction). The factors have been tested with CFA. A WSSA of these factors gives a picture of the relationship between these factors, of the correspondence with the hypothesis made, and of the stability of the model across countries.
2005. 249-262 p.