Shock Breakout Emission from a Type Ib/c Supernova: XRT 080109/SN 2008D
2008 (English)In: The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 683, no 2, L135-L138 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
The X-ray transient 080109, associated with SN 2008D, can be attributed to the shock breakout emission from a normal Type Ib/c supernova. If the observed emission is interpreted as thermal emission, the temperature and radiated energy are close to expectations, considering that scattering dominates absorption processes so that spectrum formation occurs deep within the photosphere. The X-ray emission observed at ~10 days is attributed to inverse Compton scattering of photospheric photons with relativistic electrons produced in the interaction of the supernova with the progenitor wind. A simple model for the optical/ultraviolet emission from shock breakout is developed and applied to SN 1987A, SN 1999ex, SN 2008D, and SN 2006aj, all of which have optical emission observed at t~1 day. The emission from the first three can plausibly be attributed to shock breakout emission. The photospheric temperature is most sensitive to the radius of the progenitor star core and the radii in these cases are in line with expectations from stellar evolution. The early optical/ultraviolet observations of SN 2006aj cannot be accommodated by a nonrelativistic shock breakout model in a straightforward way.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 683, no 2, L135-L138 p.
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-18304DOI: doi:10.1086/591522ISI: 000258621600011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-18304DiVA: diva2:184827