Family Policies in Sweden and the Swedish Life-cycle Model
2009 (English)In: Voneinender lernen - miteinander handeln: Aufgaben und Perspektiven der Europäischen Allianz für Familien, Baden-Baden: Nomos , 2009, 159-170 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Patterns in family formation in Sweden display a number of regularities. After nest-leaving and a period of labor-market adjustments, union formation and union dynamics, couples tend to consider having children. A prerequisite for this normally is that both partners are established properly in the labor market. After becoming parents, both women and men remain active in the labor force. These patterns in behavior are supported by the impact of Swedish family policies whose main goal it is to support women’s and men’s labor-force participation and to promote social and gender equality. A side effect of these policies seems to be a relatively high fertility as the policy setup removes many of the obstacles for women to combine work and family life. The reconciliation of family and working life is facilitated by (i) individual taxation and individual-based social-security systems, which makes it less attractive for couples to pursue gendered segregation of work and care, (ii) an income-replacement based parental-leave system, which gives women incentives to establish themselves in the labor market before considering childbirth, and (iii) subsidized child-care, which allows women to return to work after parental leave. In this review, I discuss the role of Swedish family policy in shaping life-cycle behavior and demonstrate some specific impacts of family policies on childbearing dynamics.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Baden-Baden: Nomos , 2009. 159-170 p.
family policy, fertility, Sweden
Sociology (excluding Social work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-18871ISBN: 978-3-8329-3650-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-18871DiVA: diva2:185394
Book project organized by the German Bundesministerium für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend2009-02-152009-02-152009-11-01Bibliographically approved