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Interoception in emotional experience.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2005 (English)In: Curr Opin Neurol, ISSN 1350-7540, Vol. 18, no 4, 442-7 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Many theories of emotion have postulated a close

relationship of the feedback of physiological changes and

their perception with emotional experience. This paper

reviews recent advances in theory and brain-imaging

research on this topic of interoception and describes a

hypothetical model of the potential mechanisms.

Recent findings

Research from patients with spinal-cord injuries and pure

autonomic failure suggests that emotion-related peripheral

autonomic changes are not necessary for emotional

experience. However, in support of a role for centrally

integrated feedback from the whole body, imaging studies

found that activations in areas commonly associated with

interoception and emotion (anterior insula and anterior

cingulate) were correlated with individual differences in

interoception (heartbeat detection) and trait measures of

emotion. Because recent theory distinguishes between two

levels of emotional experience (phenomenology and

awareness), this paper proposes a hypothetical model of

the effects of interoception on phenomenology and

awareness. This model classifies interoception into the

central representation of feedback from the whole body, the

perception of actual physiological changes as well as the

perception of illusory changes.


Consistent with recent theories of emotion, evidence from

brain imaging supports the notion that centrally integrated

feedback from the whole body plays a role in emotional

experience. Because research on neural correlates of

emotional experience is at an early stage, the hypothesized

model of potential causal links between interoception and

emotional experience might serve as a helpful guide to

future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 18, no 4, 442-7 p.
Keyword [en]
Autonomic Nervous System/*physiology, Consciousness/*physiology, Emotions/*physiology, Heart Rate, Humans, Perception/*physiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-19269PubMedID: 16003122OAI: diva2:185793
Available from: 2008-01-15 Created: 2008-01-15 Last updated: 2011-01-12Bibliographically approved

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