Palaeo-ice streams in the Foxe/Baffin sector of the Laurentide Ice Sheet
2007 (English)In: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, Vol. 26, no 9-10, 1313-1331 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this paper, we describe mapping of palaeo-ice streams in the Foxe/Baffin sector of the Laurentide Ice Sheet by means of geomorphological interpretation of high-resolution satellite images. Our interpretations were guided by a glaciological inversion scheme, aided by digital elevation models, publicly available sonar surveys and field studies. As a result, we produced a map depicting the location, geometry and relative temporal changes of palaeo-ice streams and analysed their palaeoglaciological implications for the Foxe/Baffin sector. We conclude that in the period between the Last Glacial Maximum and approximately 7.0 kyr BP, the Foxe/Baffin sector was largely drained by topographically controlled outlet glaciers and ice streams, which were organized in a relatively stable pattern. During this time, large areas of Melville Peninsula and central Baffin Island were subject to cold-based conditions. Between 7.0 and 6.0 kyr BP, the Foxe/Baffin sector collapsed catastrophically in the Foxe Basin, after which its remnant portion became confined to Baffin Island. During this collapse, rapid successions of small transient ice streams occurred along wide, loosely defined topographical corridors in two sectors of Baffin Island. The presently available landform archive on emerged land is not sufficient to conclusively support the existence of fully scaled ice streams along the whole length of Hudson Strait. As an alternative solution, we propose that topographically controlled ice streams might have occurred along the deepest parts of Hudson Strait, with attendant cold-based ice zones on marginal areas and islands at the head of the strait.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 26, no 9-10, 1313-1331 p.
ice stream, palaeo-ice stream, ice sheet, palaeo-ice sheet, glaciology, palaeoglaciology, Laurentide ice sheet
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-19345DOI: doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.02.010ISI: 000248268800009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-19345DiVA: diva2:185869