Mini Nutritional Assessment of Rural Elderly People in Bangladesh: The impact of demographic, socio-economic and health factors.
2006 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, Vol. 9, no 8, 968-974 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: In stating the Millennium Development Goals, the United Nations aims to halve malnutrition around the world by 2015. Nutritional status of the elderly population in low-income countries is seldom focused upon. The present study aimed to evaluate the magnitude of malnutrition among an elderly population in rural Bangladesh. Design and setting: Data collection for a multidimensional cross-sectional study of community-based elderly people aged 60 years and over was conducted in a rural area in Bangladesh. Subjects: Of 850 randomly selected elderly individuals, 625 participated in home interviews. Complete nutritional information was available for 457 individuals (mean age 69 ^ 8 years, 55% female). Nutritional status was assessed using an adapted form of the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) including body mass index (BMI). Age, sex, education, household expenditure on food and self-reported health problems were investigated as potential predictors of nutritional status. Results: BMI , 18.5 kg m 22, indicating chronic energy deficiency, was found in 50% of the population. MNA revealed a prevalence of 26% for protein–energy malnutrition and 62% for risk of malnutrition. Health problems rather than age had a negative impact on nutritional status. Level of education and food expenditure were directly associated with nutritional status. Conclusion: In order to reduce world hunger by half in the coming decade, it is important to recognise that a substantial proportion of the elderly population, particularly in low-income countries, is undernourished.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 9, no 8, 968-974 p.
mini nutritional assessment, malnutrition, Bangladesh
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-19420DOI: doi:10.1017/S1368980006009797OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-19420DiVA: diva2:185944