Recollective experience in odor recognition: Influences of adult age and familiarity.
2006 (English)In: Psychological Research, ISSN 0340-0727, Vol. 70, no 1, 68-75 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We examined recollective experience in odor memory as a function of age, intention to learn, and familiarity. Young and older adults studied a set of familiar and unfamiliar odors with incidental or intentional encoding instructions. At recognition, participants indicated whether their response was based on explicit recollection (remembering), a feeling of familiarity (knowing), or guessing. The results indicated no age-related differences in the distribution of experiential responses for unfamiliar odors. By contrast, for familiar odors the young demonstrated more explicit recollection than the old adults, who produced more know and guess responses. Intention to learn was unrelated to recollective experience. In addition, the observed age differences in remember responses for familiar odors were eliminated when odor naming was statistically controlled. This suggests that age-related deficits in activating specific odor knowledge (i.e., odor names) play an important role for age differences in recollective experience for olfactory information.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 70, no 1, 68-75 p.
recollective experience, odor recognition, intention, familiarity, age differences, adults, memory, odors, aging
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-19431DOI: 10.1007/s00426-004-0190-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-19431DiVA: diva2:185955
This work was supported by grants from The Swedish Council for Research in the Humanities and the Social Sciences (No. F0429/97) and The Swedish Research Council (No. 421-2001-3838) to Dr. Maria Larsson.2007-11-122007-11-122016-06-22Bibliographically approved