Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Individual differences in preferences to photographs
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. (Berglund)
2007 (English)In: Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, ISSN 1931-3896, Vol. 1, no 2, 61-72 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Individual differences in preferences to photographs were explored based on an alternative framework. This framework predicts that the primary difference between individuals in this respect is their ability to process photographic information, which in turn influences their preferences. Chiefly, people with well-developed schemes in photography (e.g., photo professionals) should have a higher ability to process photographic information than people with less developed schemes (e.g., psychology students). Consequently, people with well-developed schemes in photography should prefer photographs that are relatively more demanding to process. Ten psychology students and 5 photo professionals assessed 32 photographs on six general concepts: Preference, Hedonic Tone, Expressiveness, Familiarity, Uncertainty, and Dynamics. As predicted, photo professionals had a higher ability to process photographic information and preferred photographs that were relatively uncertain and unfamiliar. These results are in concordance with previous research and give strong support to the utility of the present framework in experimental aesthetics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 1, no 2, 61-72 p.
Keyword [en]
individual differences; aesthetic preferences; photographs; cognitive processes; emotional responses
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-19765DOI: 10.1037/1931-3896.1.2.61OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-19765DiVA: diva2:186289
Available from: 2007-11-16 Created: 2007-11-16 Last updated: 2011-01-25Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Aesthetic Appreciation Explicated
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Aesthetic Appreciation Explicated
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present doctoral thesis outlines a new model in psychological aesthetics, named the Information-Load Model. This model asserts that aesthetic appreciation is grounded in the relationship between the amount of information of stimuli and people’s capacity to process this information. This relationship results in information load, which in turn creates emotional responses to stimuli. Aesthetic appreciation corresponds to an optimal degree of information load. Initially, the optimal degree is relatively low. As an individual learns to master information in a domain (e.g., photography), the degree of information load, which corresponds to aesthetic appreciation, increases.

The present doctoral thesis is based on three empirical papers that explored what factors determine aesthetic appreciation of photographs and soundscapes. Experiment 1 of Paper I involved 34 psychology undergraduates and 564 photographs of various motifs. It resulted in a set of 189 adjectives related to the degree of aesthetic appreciation of photographs. The subsequent experiments employed attribute scales that were derived from this set of adjectives. In Experiment 2 of Paper I, 100 university students scaled 50 photographs on 141 attribute scales. Similarly, in Paper II, 100 university students scaled 50 soundscapes on 116 attribute scales. In Paper III, 10 psychology undergraduates and 5 photo professionals scaled 32 photographs on 27 attribute scales. To explore the underlying structure of the data sets, they were subjected to Multidimensional Scaling and Principal Components Analyses. Four general components, related to aesthetic appreciation, were found: Familiarity, Hedonic Tone, Expressiveness, and Uncertainty. These components result from the higher-order latent factor Information Load that underlies aesthetic appreciation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, 2011. 136 p.
Keyword
Aesthetic Appreciation, Information-Load Model, Photographs, Soundscapes, Theory Development
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-53385 (URN)978-91-7447-214-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-03-04, David Magnussonsalen (U31), Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-02-10 Created: 2011-01-22 Last updated: 2011-02-07Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Axelsson, Östen
By organisation
Department of Psychology
Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 147 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf