Ligand-induced dimerization of Drosophila peptidoglycan recognition proteins in vitro
2005 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, Vol. 102, no 18, 6455-6460 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Drosophila knockout mutants have placed peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) in the two major pathways controlling immune gene expression. We now examine PGRP affinities for peptidoglycan. PGRP-SA and PGRP-LCx are bona fide pattern recognition receptors, and PGRP-SA, the peptidoglycan receptor of the Toll/Dif pathway, has selective affinity for different peptidoglycans. PGRP-LCx, the default peptidoglycan receptor of the Imd/Relish pathway, has strong affinity for all polymeric peptidoglycans tested and for monomeric peptidoglycan. PGRP-LCa does not have affinity for polymeric or monomeric peptidoglycan. Instead, PGRP-LCa can form heterodimers with LCx when the latter is bound to monomeric peptidoglycan. Hence, PGRP-LCa can be said to function as an adaptor, thus adding a new function to a member of the PGRP family.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 102, no 18, 6455-6460 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-20028DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0407559102PubMedID: 15843462OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-20028DiVA: diva2:186553