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Mass-loss properties of S-stars on the AGB
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.
2006 (English)In: Astronomy & Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, Vol. 454, no 2, L103-L106 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We have used a detailed non-LTE radiative transfer code to model new APEX CO(J = 3 → 2) data, and existing CO radio line data, on a sample of 40 AGB S-stars. The derived mass-loss-rate distribution has a median value of 2 × 10-7~Mȯ yr-1, and resembles values obtained for similar samples of M-stars and carbon stars. Possibly, there is a scarcity of high-mass-loss-rate (≥10-5~Mȯ yr-1) S-stars. The distribution of envelope gas expansion velocities is similar to that of the M-stars, the median is 7.5 km s-1, while the carbon stars, in general, have higher gas expansion velocities. The mass-loss rate correlates well with the gas expansion velocity, in accordance with results for M-stars and carbon stars.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 454, no 2, L103-L106 p.
Keyword [en]
stars: AGB and post-AGB, stars: circumstellar matter, stars: late-type, stars: mass-loss
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-20159DOI: doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20065285OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-20159DiVA: diva2:186684
Available from: 2007-02-27 Created: 2007-02-27 Last updated: 2011-01-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Molecules and Dust around AGB stars: Mass-loss rates and molecular abundances
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Molecules and Dust around AGB stars: Mass-loss rates and molecular abundances
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

All stars with a stellar mass of about 0.8–8 MSun will end their lives as asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars. Through their extensive mass loss the AGB stars constitutes an important source of nuclear processed material. They also provide us with fascinating systems where an interchange of different physical and chemical processes occur, making them excellent astrophysical laboratories.

Being the most important process for the evolution of an AGB star, the mass loss is well established, but its details are less well known. On the AGB, the mass-loss rate can span several orders of magnitude, reaching 104 MSun yr1 toward the end of the AGB. It is challenging to find reliable methods to estimate the mass-loss rates of individual objects. Nevertheless, it is important, since the mass-loss rate affects the derived abundances of other molecules in the circumstellar envelope, and therefore the estimates of the amount and composition of the recycled material. In the first part of the thesis the reliability of mass-loss rate estimates is evaluated using two main methods; the observations and radiative transfer analysis of CO radio line emission, and dust radiative transfer combined with a dynamical model.

The second part of the thesis focuses on a particular chemical type of AGB stars; the S-type. The S-stars are believed to have approximately the same amount of carbon as oxygen in the photosphere, and to be an intermediate evolutionary stage as the star evolves from an oxygen-rich M-star into a carbon star. As possible transition objects the S-stars might give important clues to the mass-loss mechanisms and to the chemical evolution along the AGB. Using observations of circumstellar radio line emission in combination with detailed radiative transfer analysis, we have estimated mass-loss rates and abundances of chemically important molecules for a sample of 40 S-stars. The results are compared to previous results for M- and carbon stars.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, 2009. 74 p.
Keyword
AGB stars, mass-loss, circumstellar abundances
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Research subject
Astronomy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-27405 (URN)978-91-7155-871-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-06-04, FB42, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-05-14 Created: 2009-05-01 Last updated: 2012-11-27Bibliographically approved

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