Reflexiones exploradoras sobre la descentralización en Bolivia y Venezuela
2005 (English)In: Provincia: Revista venezolana de estudios territoriales, ISSN 1317-9535, no 14, 37- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A wave of decentralization processes has swept the Latin American continent since the late 1980´s. The citizens now directly elect their political leaders at the local (and in some countries also the regional/provincial) level, compared to traditional centralized political systems. Decentralization is likewise normally a key ingredient and requirement among international donors and multi-lateral banks when support is given for poverty reduction strategies. This article (re-) considers some theoretical and historical aspects of decentralization, among others the democratization principles and significances of the process, as well as its implications in form of accessibility to the State and political arenas for previously excluded social and political actors. Some of the experiences from Venezuela since 1989 and Bolivia from 1994 onwards are analyzed, including some of the “positive” achievements of decentralization and a few of the obstacles (e.g. corruption and violent protests) for the carrying through and continuation of the reform process. Decentralization can in many cases be considered a type of democratization (if defining democratization as an increase in political equality). The legitimacy of a democratic society depends on the linkages between civil society groups and the State.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. no 14, 37- p.
Bolivia, Venezuela, descentralización, participación política, democracia
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-20192OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-20192DiVA: diva2:186718