In vivo assay for low-activity mutant forms of Escherichia coli ribonucleotide reductase.
2003 (English)In: J Bacteriol, ISSN 0021-9193, Vol. 185, no 4, 1167-73 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyzes the essential production of deoxyribonucleotides in all living cells. In this study we have established a sensitive in vivo assay to study the activity of RNR in aerobic Escherichia coli cells. The method is based on the complementation of a chromosomally encoded nonfunctional RNR with plasmid-encoded RNR. This assay can be used to determine in vivo activity of RNR mutants with activities beyond the detection limits of traditional in vitro assays. E. coli RNR is composed of two homodimeric proteins, R1 and R2. The R2 protein contains a stable tyrosyl radical essential for the catalysis that takes place at the R1 active site. The three-dimensional structures of both proteins, phylogenetic studies, and site-directed mutagenesis experiments show that the radical is transferred from the R2 protein to the active site in the R1 protein via a radical transfer pathway composed of at least nine conserved amino acid residues. Using the new assay we determined the in vivo activity of mutants affecting the radical transfer pathway in RNR and identified some residual radical transfer activity in two mutant R2 constructs (D237N and W48Y) that had previously been classified as negative for enzyme activity. In addition, we show that the R2 mutant Y356W is completely inactive, in sharp contrast to what has previously been observed for the corresponding mutation in the mouse R2 enzyme.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 185, no 4, 1167-73 p.
Colony Count; Microbial, Escherichia coli/*enzymology/genetics/growth & development, Genetic Complementation Test, Mutagenesis; Site-Directed, Mutation, Plasmids/genetics, Ribonucleotide Reductases/genetics/*metabolism
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-20349PubMedID: 12562785OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-20349DiVA: diva2:186875