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Analyticity of layer potentials and $L^{2}$ solvability of boundary value problems for divergence form elliptic equations with complex $L^{\infty}$ coefficients
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics.
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2007 (English)Other (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

We consider divergence form elliptic operators of the form $L=-\dv A(x)\nabla$, defined in $R^{n+1} = \{(x,t)\in R^n \times R \}$, $n \geq 2$, where the $L^{\infty}$ coefficient matrix $A$ is $(n+1)\times(n+1)$, uniformly elliptic, complex and $t$-independent. We show that for such operators, boundedness and invertibility of the corresponding layer potential operators on $L^2(\mathbb{R}^{n})=L^2(\partial\mathbb{R}_{+}^{n+1})$, is stable under complex, $L^{\infty}$ perturbations of the coefficient matrix. Using a variant of the $Tb$ Theorem, we also prove that the layer potentials are bounded and invertible on $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ whenever $A(x)$ is real and symmetric (and thus, by our stability result, also when $A$ is complex, $\Vert A-A^0\Vert_{\infty}$ is small enough and $A^0$ is real, symmetric, $L^{\infty}$ and elliptic). In particular, we establish solvability of the Dirichlet and Neumann (and Regularity) problems, with $L^2$ (resp. $\dot{L}^2_1)$ data, for small complex perturbations of a real symmetric matrix. Previously, $L^2$ solvability results for complex (or even real but non-symmetric) coefficients were known to hold only for perturbations of constant matrices (and then only for the Dirichlet problem), or in the special case that the coefficients $A_{j,n+1}=0=A_{n+1,j}$, $1\leq j\leq n$, which corresponds to the Kato square root problem.

Place, publisher, year, pages
2007. , 60 p.
National Category
Mathematical Analysis
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-20728OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-20728DiVA: diva2:187254
Available from: 2007-11-29 Created: 2007-11-29Bibliographically approved

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http://arxiv.org/abs/0705.0836

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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