A validation of a two-dimensional job insecurity scale in South Africa and Sweden
2007 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
The issue of job insecurity has received growing recognition in connection with increased unemployment and the use of large workforce reductions to improve organizational effectiveness and competitive ability. Given this, job insecurity has emerged as an important stressor in modern working life, and perceptions of job insecurity have consequently been found to correlate negatively with job and organizational attitudes as well as mental and physical health complaints. Research has traditionally focused on threats of imminent job loss, but several researchers and commentators have argued for a broadening of the concept to also include threats of deteriorated employment conditions.
Even if measures of the construct are available, measurement properties in terms of reliability, factor structure, and predictive validity are far from clear. The purpose of this study is to address this issue by validating a two dimensional job insecurity scale using confirmatory factor analysis. The first dimension, “quantitative job insecurity” focuses on an overall concern about losing the job as such, whereas the second dimension “qualitative job insecurity” relates to the loss of important job features such as, lack of career opportunities, decreasing salary development, and impaired working conditions. The two dimensions may also relate different to outcomes in terms of relationships as well as magnitude of the relationship. Data for the study are currently being collected in South Africa and Sweden. The results of multi-group confirmatory factor analysis will reveal if the estimated two-dimensional measurement models holds true in both South Africa and Sweden. The results will also show if the job insecurity measure correlates satisfactorily with theoretically derived correlates. The results will stress the importance of developing valid measurement scales in order to satisfactorily estimate the relationships between job insecurity and its postulated outcomes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-20872OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-20872DiVA: diva2:187398
The XIIIth European Congress of Work and Organizational Psychology