Pattern and Magnitude of Deforestation in the South Central Rift Valley Region of Ethiopia
2007 (English)In: Mountain Research And Development, Vol. 27, no 2, 162-168 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The pattern and magnitude of deforestation that occurred from 1972 to 2000 in the south central Rift Valley of Ethiopia were analyzed using remote sensing change detection techniques. The results show that natural forest cover declined from 16% in 1972 to 2.8% in 2000. The total natural forest cleared between 1972 and 2000 amounted to 40,324 ha, corresponding to an annual loss of 1440 ha. The total loss was 82% of the 1972 forest cover and the annual loss was equivalent to 0.9% of the national figure. The forest decline in the area involved proximate causal factors as well as causal factors that are more spatially diffuse and are part of the long-term evolution of a region much larger than the study area. In order of importance, the major causes of change were small-scale agriculture, commercial logging, and commercial farms. Two major modes of change were observed: 1) internal, ie openings created by small farm plots, grazing lands, and villages; and 2) external, ie expansion of agriculture from the exterior into the forests. The main consequences of deforestation were habitat destruction and decline of water availability.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 27, no 2, 162-168 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-21124OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-21124DiVA: diva2:187650