Competence or relationships as a determinant of self-esteem: development and validity of two scales of contingent self-esteem.
2006 (English)In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research: Special Issue on Neuropsychiatry. Abstracts for The 26th European Conference of Psychosomatic Research., 2006, 397- p.Conference paper (Other academic)
Aim and method: To distinguish between two different vulnerable self-structures, where individuals' perceived self-worth is defined either by accomplishments or emotional security, we developed two scales measuring Competence dependent self-esteem (SE) and Relation dependent self-esteem. Initially, responses (N = 216) to an item pool of 62 contingent SE items were subjected to exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses.
Results: Two factors emerged indicating SE dependent on competence and SE dependent on emotional relations. On this basis two scales were developed which both yielded a structure consisting of two factors: Competence SE dimensions referred to (1) SE conditional upon competence/need to outperform others and (2) frustrated strivings/self-criticism. Relation SE dimensions reflected (1) love seeking/fear of rejection and (2) emotional suppression/compliance. The study revealed good reliability indexes for both scales, and evidence of construct validity is obtained in three samples. The scales and their subdimensions have theoretical and practical importance for studies on health and adjustment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. 397- p.
contingent self-esteem, vulnerability, scale construction
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-21370OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-21370DiVA: diva2:187896