Job insecurity and sense of mastery: Cross-lagged analysis.
2006 (English)In: Work, Stress and Health 2006: Making a difference at the workplace: Miami, 2-4 March, 2006., 2006Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Job insecurity can be defined as a perceptual phenomenon, reflecting the fear of involuntary job loss, and it has been linked to several negative outcomes. Just like for other stressors, these consequences can be classified in three broad categories – psychological, behavioral, and health-related. However, whereas previous research has concluded that job insecurity is associated with negative job attitudes and poor well-being, there is insufficient evidence to draw any causal inferences. Most studies are cross-sectional and therefore unable to control for initial levels of the outcome variables and examine temporal precedence. Only a few studies have explicitly addressed the issue of direction of relation between job insecurity and such outcomes. The aim of the present study is to shed light on the issue of causality in the relationship between job insecurity and a hitherto neglected potential psychological outcome – sense of mastery. Drawing upon the unemployment literature, it is reasonable to suggest that job insecurity may lead to impaired sense of mastery, as reflected in, for instance, impaired self-esteem and reduced confidence in one’s own capacity. Equally plausible, however, would be to assume that a strong sense of mastery serves a protective function. Whether job insecurity, just like unemployment, may lead individuals to lose confidence in their capacity to make a difference is still an unresolved issue. Longitudinal data for this study are currently being collected using mail questionnaires among white-collar workers in a Swedish organization. The time 1 data collection wave was completed in Winter 2004/2005 (response rate: 64%). Preliminary analyses, based on Time 1 data, indicate that job insecurity was negatively related to various indicators of sense of mastery (e.g., self-esteem). The Time 2 data will make it possible to test various alternative models of causality. Latent variable cross-lagged analysis will contribute to the understanding of the development and consequences of job insecurity by shedding light on the issue of sense of mastery in this process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
job insecurity, personality, work stress
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-21393OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-21393DiVA: diva2:187920