This paper describes and analyses the local markets, or exchange arenas that farming women and men use in Ethiopia, a country that relies on agriculture for the mainstay of its economic structure and export and employs the majority of the population. I take concrete market places as my point-of-departure and inquire whether women and men use different markets, and whether the functions that these fill differ between, and within, groups. I further describe and analyze the gender dimension of issues that are central to market theory, such as how prices are (perceived to be) set, and the social (interactionist) dimensions of trade (e.g. stability of customers, collaboration, patterns of homosociality etc). The broader aim of the paper is to contribute and strengthen a gender dimension in the field of economic sociology – a dimension that hitherto has been understudied (Swedberg 2002). To perform the analysis, empirical data from two formal surveys undertaken in the Ambo Woreda during March-May 2006 are used - one village survey addressing a probability sample of farmers in four villages (n=464), and one market survey undertaken in three markets of differing sizes (n=144) (one village market, one “bigger” market, and the “regional market”). The units of analyses are primarily the categories of “women” and “men” but an intersectional perspective (Lykke 2003; Darvishpour 2006) is taken as well, open to the analysis of locally relevant categories, i.e. households headship, age and education as well. To broaden, deepen and blend the analysis, qualitative data gathered in the area over the period 1996-2006 are employed as a complement. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 14.0 is used to perform the analyses, using primarily descriptive statistics. In those cases where variance between groups have been analysed, one-way ANalyses Of VAriance (ANOVA), post-hoc tested with Fisher’s Least Significant Difference (LSD), are used.
2007. 32- p.