Resources, Not Capital: A Case Study on the Gendered Distribution and Productivity of Social Network Ties in Ethiopia
2007 (English)In: Rural Sociology, Vol. 72, no 4, 583-607 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Poor people make use of a variety of contextually relevant resources to pursue their livelihood strategies, and there is wide empirical evidence that opportunities and contraints for accessing these may vary considerably for women and men, particularly in the rural areas of developing countries. In this article, micro-evidence from a case study from a village in rural Ethiopia is used to analyze the role that gender plays in the distribution and productivity of social resources. In the examined case, women and men have access to different social resources: women have access to “bonded” or “relational” social resources, which can be turned into economically productive capital only if and when they are “bridged”, “linked to” and associated with men. This is a result of the prevailing social structure, in which men define social norms and implement these through locally available institutions, combined with women’s time poverty. Consequently, for rural development interventions to be successful in building and strengthening women’s social resources, adequate attention needs to be paid to mechanisms that make sure that links and connections are in place as well.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 72, no 4, 583-607 p.
Social capital, Gender, Development, Ethiopia
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-21457ISI: 000251338700004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-21457DiVA: diva2:187984