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Perception of speaker age, sex and vowel quality inves­tigated using stimuli produced with an articulatory model
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Fonetik.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4065-7309
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Fonetik.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6844-4834
2003 (English)In: Proceedings of the XVth ICPhS, 2003, 1739-1742 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper deals with the perception of linguistic and paralinguistic qualities conveyed by synthetic vowels produced with an articulatory model in which transfer func­tions of the French vowels /i y e ø E œ/ characteristic of five growth stages were each combined with five different F0 values. Listeners had to judge the speaker's age and sex in addition to vowel quality. Four subgroups of listeners were distinguished, according to sex and frequency of contact with children. The results were subjected to regression analy­sis based on ctitical band rate (z) and logarithmic values of F0, F1 to F5 and calculated values of F2’. This showed (Z1 -0.6 Z0) to correlate highly with vowel openness and 0.8 (Z4 -Z3) with roundedness in addition to Z2'. F0 and the formants above F1 contributed equally to age percep­tion. There were slight but significant differences between listener groups and there was a tendency to perceive vowels as produced by a younger speaker when perceived as rounded - older when not. This can be understood as due to a choice listeners have in interpreting lower formants as due to liprounding or a permanently longer vocal tract indicative of a higher age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. 1739-1742 p.
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-22248OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-22248DiVA: diva2:188775
Available from: 2007-12-26 Created: 2007-12-26 Last updated: 2014-06-02Bibliographically approved

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http://www.ling.su.se/staff/hartmut/ICPhS_2003_0611.pdf

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Traunmüller, HartmutEriksson, Anders
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