Light-absorbing aldol condensation products in acidic aerosols: Spectra, kinetics, and contribution to the absorption index
2007 (English)In: Atmospheric environment, ISSN 1352-2310, Vol. 41, no 6, 1150-1163 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The radiative properties of aerosols that are transparent to light in the near-UV and visible, such as sulfate aerosols, can be dramatically modified when mixed with absorbing material such as soot.
In a previous work we had shown that the aldol condensation of carbonyl compounds produces light-absorbing compounds in sulfuric acid solutions. In this work we report the spectroscopic and kinetic parameters necessary to estimate the effects of these reactions on the absorption index of sulfuric acid aerosols in the atmosphere. The absorption spectra obtained from the reactions of six different carbonyl compounds (acetaldehyde, acetone, propanal, butanal, 2-butanone, and trifluoroacetone) and their mixtures were compared over 190–1100 nm. The results indicated that most carbonyl compounds should be able to undergo aldol condensation.
The products are oligomers absorbing light in the 300–500 nm region where few other compounds absorb, making them important for the radiative properties of aerosols.
Kinetic experiments in 96–75 wt% H2SO4 solutions and between 273 and 314 K gave an activation energy for the rate constant of formation of the aldol products of acetaldehyde of −(70±15) kJ mol−1 in 96 wt% solution and showed that the effect of acid concentration was exponential. A complete expression for this rate constant is proposed where the absolute value in 96 wt% H2SO4 and at 298 K is scaled to the Henry's law coefficient for acetaldehyde and the absorption cross-section for the aldol products assumed in this work. The absorption index of stratospheric sulfuric acid aerosols after a 2-year residence time was estimated to 2×10−4, optically equivalent to a content of 0.5% of soot and potentially significant for the radiative forcing of these aerosols and for satellite observations in channels where the aldol products absorb.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 41, no 6, 1150-1163 p.
In-situ measurements, sulfuric-acid, heterogeneous reactions, acetone, acetaldehyde, troposphere, particles, chemistry, elements, sulfate
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-22445DOI: doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.10.001ISI: 000244233400004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-22445DiVA: diva2:188972