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The voltage-dependent anion channel, a major component of the tRNA import machinery in plant mitochondria.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
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2006 (English)In: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, ISSN 0027-8424, Vol. 103, no 48, 18362-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In plants, as in most eukaryotic cells, import of nuclear-encoded cytosolic tRNAs is an essential process for mitochondrial biogenesis. Despite its broad occurrence, the mechanisms governing RNA transport into mitochondria are far less understood than protein import. This article demonstrates by Northwestern and gel-shift experiments that the plant mitochondrial voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) protein interacts with tRNA in vitro. It shows also that this porin, known to play a key role in metabolite transport, is a major component of the channel involved in the tRNA translocation step through the plant mitochondrial outer membrane, as supported by inhibition of tRNA import into isolated mitochondria by VDAC antibodies and Ruthenium red. However VDAC is not a tRNA receptor on the outer membrane. Rather, two major components from the TOM (translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane) complex, namely TOM20 and TOM40, are important for tRNA binding at the surface of mitochondria, suggesting that they are also involved in tRNA import. Finally, we show that proteins and tRNAs are translocated into plant mitochondria by different pathways. Together, these findings identify unexpected components of the tRNA import machinery and suggest that the plant tRNA import pathway has evolved by recruiting multifunctional proteins.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 103, no 48, 18362-7 p.
Keyword [en]
Antibodies/immunology, Cell Nucleus/metabolism, Membrane Transport Proteins/metabolism, Mitochondria/genetics/*metabolism, Mitochondrial Membranes/metabolism, Protein Binding, RNA Transport, RNA; Transfer/genetics/*metabolism, Ruthenium Red, Solanum tuberosum/cytology/genetics/*metabolism, Voltage-Dependent Anion Channels/immunology/*metabolism
National Category
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-22500PubMedID: 17105808OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-22500DiVA: diva2:189027
Available from: 2007-12-21 Created: 2007-12-21 Last updated: 2011-01-11Bibliographically approved

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