Two novel mitochondrial and chloroplastic targeting-peptide-degrading peptidasomes in A. thaliana, AtPreP1 and AtPreP2.
2006 (English)In: Biol Chem, ISSN 1431-6730, Vol. 387, no 10-11, 1441-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Two novel metalloendopeptidases in Arabidopsis thaliana, AtPreP1 and AtPreP2, are responsible for the degradation of targeting peptides in mitochondria and chloroplasts. Both AtPreP1 and AtPreP2 contain ambiguous targeting peptides and are dually targeted to both organelles. The proteases also have the capacity to degrade unstructured peptides of up to 65 amino acid residues, but not small proteins. The catalysis occurs in a huge catalytic chamber revealed by the crystal structure of AtPreP1 at 2.1 A. The enzymes show a preference for basic and small uncharged amino acids or serines at the cleavage sites. Despite similarities in cleavage specificities, cleavage-site recognition differs for both proteases and is context- and structure-dependent. The AtPreP1 and AtPreP2 genes are differentially expressed in Arabidopsis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 387, no 10-11, 1441-7 p.
Animals, Arabidopsis/*enzymology/genetics, Arabidopsis Proteins/genetics/*metabolism, Chloroplasts/*enzymology, Humans, Mitochondria/*enzymology, Peptide Hydrolases/genetics/*metabolism, Substrate Specificity
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-22513PubMedID: 17081117OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-22513DiVA: diva2:189040