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Will and Skill: An Exploratory Study of Substance Abusers´ Attitudes towards Lifestyle Change
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. (ARG)
2007 (English)In: European Addiction Research, Vol. 13, no 3, 148-155 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background/Aims: This exploratory study focus attitudes towards lifestyle change among untreated, voluntarily and compulsorily treated Swedish substance abusers (n=97). Methods: Attitudes were measured with scales on e.g. problem recognition, treatment readiness and the time perspective of future orientation. Subjects were categorised into four ‘addict-types’ according to their viewpoint on changing substance use habits, i.e. ‘less change willing’: non-addicts (n=16) and consonant addicts (n=32); ‘more change willing’: dissonant (n=13) and transient addicts (n=36). Results: It was shown that ‘less change willing’ subjects had experienced less dependence disorders and expressed less treatment demand and motivation than ‘more change willing’ subjects. A general measure of willingness to lifestyle change correlated with future orientation among ‘more change willing’ subjects. Conclusions: The study suggests that individuals’ time perspectives ought to be considered when trying to illuminate the process of change and understand what attitudes exercise positive influence on and are associated with successful lifestyle change-efforts. The consistency of substance abusers’ motivational structures over time and in different social contexts is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 13, no 3, 148-155 p.
Keyword [en]
Substance abuse, Dissonant addiction, Motivation, Lifestyle change, Time perspectives
National Category
Social Work
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-22560DOI: doi:10.1159/000101551ISI: 000247434500004OAI: diva2:189087
Available from: 2007-09-12 Created: 2007-09-12 Last updated: 2011-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Ekendahl, Mats
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