Two new magnesium–niobium hydrides, Mg6.5NbH14 with a face centred cubic unit cell a = 9.548(1) Å (space group (No. 225), Z = 4, V = 870.49 Å3) and MgNb2H4 with a C-centred monoclinic unit cell a = 5.685 (4) Å, b = 3.2914(6) Å, c = 7.924(2) Å and β = 103.82(3)° (space group C2/m (No. 12), Z = 2, V = 143.98 Å3), were synthesized by reacting MgH2 and Nb in a high-pressure anvil cell at 8 GPa and 600 °C. The structures of the new hydrides were refined from synchrotron radiation data. Mg6.5NbH14 has a structure related to Mg7TiH16 (a = 9.532(2) Å space group (No. 225)) (D. Kyoi, T. Sato, E. Rönnebro, N. Kitamura, A. Ueda, M. Ito, S. Katsuyama, S. Hara, D. Noréus, T. Sakai, J. Alloys Compd. 372 (2004) 213). Where the metal atom structure is of the Ca7Ge type. Mg6.5NbH14, however, has some vacancies on one of the magnesium sites similar to the recently discovered Mg6VH14 (D. Kyoi, T. Sato, E. Rönnebro, Y. Tsuji, N. Kitamura, A. Ueda, M. Ito, S. Katsuyama, S. Hara, D. Noréus, T. Sakai, J. Alloys Compd. 375 (2004) 253). The metal atoms in MgNb2H4 have the AuTe2 type structure.
2006. Vol. 417, no 1-2, 230-234 p.