Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Fosterbarnsindustri eller människokärlek: Barn, familjer och utackorderingsbyrån i Stockholm 1890-1925
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
2006 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Many Swedish children grew up in foster homes at the turn of the twentieth century. Contemporary medical professionals described foster care as an economic business: a foster child industry. The aim of this study is to analyze whether fostering could be seen as a market, which circumstances that gave rise to such market, and what happened to fostering in Stockholm when foster care was regulated in 1890–1925. Generation, gender and class are key concepts for this analysis.

The study deals with approximately 400 children and 800 potential foster homes that were in contact with the Out-placement Bureau in Stockholm, run by the city’s Poor Relief Committee. Sources from the bureau is combined with material from Stockholm’s historical database. The thesis addresses questions on how and why children became foster children, what motivated people to be foster parents, how foster parents were selected and how the foster stay turned out from the child’s perspective.

The placement of children could be done in various ways at this time in history. Previous research has mainly focused on state and philanthropic institutions which arranged formal foster homes. Individual persons who arranged informal foster homes for their children, have been less visible. It is concluded from this study that many children already lived in foster homes when the poor relief authorities got involved. It is argued that informal fostering was a form of child care used by single working class mothers. A reciprocal system, where children were placed within their mothers’ social network, was common. The Poor Relief was used to uphold this reciprocal system. This system limited the supply of children in need for fostering with strangers. At the same time there was a great demand for non-familiar foster children amongst potential foster parents outside Stockholm. Economic and demographic factors as well as norms, values and morals constituted and regulated the foster child market.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2006. , 449 p.
Series
Stockholm Studies in Economic History, ISSN 0346-8305 ; 49
Keyword [sv]
fosterbarn, barntillsyn, fosterfamilj, barnperspektiv, generation, genus, fattigvård, barnavårdslagstiftning, sociala nätverk
National Category
Economic History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-1026ISBN: 91-85445-30-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-1026DiVA: diva2:189236
Public defence
2006-06-02, hörsal 3, hus B, Universitetsvägen 10, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2006-05-05 Created: 2006-05-05 Last updated: 2012-07-05Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(4771 kB)4750 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 4771 kBChecksum SHA-1
52d0464be0f0306e4900aa8be9e959d21ca0aa74b843ebca4ce96debbe4976d7d7483dc6
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Sköld, Johanna
By organisation
Department of Economic History
Economic History

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 4750 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 6971 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf