Torneträsk tree-ring width and density AD 500 – 2004: A test of climatic sensitivity and a new 1500-year reconstruction of north Fennoscandian summers
2008 (English)In: Climate Dynamics, ISSN 0930-7575, E-ISSN 1432-0894, Vol. 31, 843-857 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper presents updated tree-ring width(TRW) and maximum density (MXD) from Tornetra¨sk innorthern Sweden, now covering the period AD 500–2004. Byincluding data from relatively young trees for the most recentperiod, a previously noted decline in recent MXD is eliminated.Non-climatological growth trends in the data areremoved using Regional Curve Standardization (RCS), thusproducingTRWandMXDchronologies with preserved lowfrequencyvariability. The chronologies are calibrated usinglocal and regional instrumental climate records. A bootstrappedresponse function analysis using regional climatedata shows that tree growth is forced by April–August temperaturesand that the regression weights for MXD are muchstronger than for TRW. The robustness of the reconstructionequation is verified by independent temperature data andshows that 63–64% of the instrumental inter-annual variationis captured by the tree-ring data. This is a significantimprovement compared to previously published reconstructionsbased on tree-ring data from Tornetra¨sk. Adivergence phenomenon around AD 1800, expressed as anincrease in TRW that is not paralleled by temperature andMXD, is most likely an effect of major changes in the densityof the pine population at this northern tree-line site. The biasintroduced by this TRW phenomenon is assessed by producinga summer temperature reconstruction based onMXDexclusively. The new data show generally higher temperatureestimates than previous reconstructions based onTornetra¨sk tree-ring data. The late-twentieth century, however,is not exceptionally warm in the new record: Ondecadal-to-centennial timescales, periods around AD 750,1000, 1400, and 1750 were equally warm, or warmer. The200-year long warm period centered on AD 1000 was significantlywarmer than the late-twentieth century (p\0.05)and is supported by other local and regional paleoclimatedata. The new tree-ring evidence from Tornetra¨sk suggeststhat this ‘‘Medieval WarmPeriod’’ in northern Fennoscandiawas much warmer than previously recognized.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 31, 843-857 p.
Research subject Physical Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-22690DOI: 10.1007/s00382-007-0358-2ISI: 000260370300007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-22690DiVA: diva2:189270
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-10342011-02-032006-05-082011-02-03Bibliographically approved