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Is the Gender Gap in School Performance Affected by the Sex of the Teacher?
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2008 (English)In: Labour Economics, ISSN 0927-5371, Vol. 15, no 1, 37-53 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Girls outperform boys in school. We investigate whether the gender performance gap can be attributed to the fact that the teacher profession is female dominated, that is, is there a causal effect on student outcomes from having a same-sex teacher? Using data on upper-secondary school students and their teachers from the municipality of Stockholm, Sweden, we find that the gender performance differential is larger in subjects where the share of female teachers is higher. We argue, however, that this effect can not be interpreted as causal, mainly due to teacher selection into different subjects and non-random student-teacher matching. Exploring the fact that teacher turnover and student mobility give rise to variation in teacher's gender within student and subject, we estimate the effect on student outcomes of changing to a teacher of the same sex. We find no strong support for our initial hypothesis that a same-sex teacher improves student outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 15, no 1, 37-53 p.
Keyword [en]
economics of education, gender differences
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-22724DOI: 10.1016/j.labeco.2006.12.002ISI: 000252843200003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-22724DiVA: diva2:189323
Available from: 2006-05-24 Created: 2006-05-24 Last updated: 2012-02-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Education and the Family: Essays in Empirical Labour Economics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Education and the Family: Essays in Empirical Labour Economics
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Estimating Long-Term Consequences of Teenage Childbearing: An Examination of the Siblings Approach

In the study of the consequences of teenage motherhood, the siblings approach has been proposed as a strategy to control for unobserved family background. Revisiting this literature, my contribution in adopting the siblings approach lies in controlling for heterogeneity within the family by using pre-motherhood school performance, a characteristic that differs across sisters. My findings confirm the presumption that within-family heterogeneity can result in biased sibling estimates.

Estimating Intergenerational Schooling Effects: A Comparison of Methods

Recent studies that aim to estimate the causal link between the education of parents and their children provide evidence that is far from conclusive. This paper explores why. There are a number of possible explanations. One is that these studies rely on different data sources, gathered in different countries at different times. Another one is that these studies use different identification strategies. Three identification strategies are currently in use: identical twins; adoptees; and instrumental variables. In this paper we apply each of these three strategies to one particular Swedish data set, with the purpose to explain the disparate evidence in the recent literature. Our findings indicate that the estimated impact of parental education on that of their child in Sweden does depend on identification, which suggests that country and cohort differences do not lie behind the observed disparities.

Intergenerational Mobility and Assortative Mating: Effects of An Educational Reform

This paper provides new evidence on the role of the educational system for intergenerational mobility. I evaluate an educational reform, implemented in Sweden in the 1950s, which postponed ability tracking and extended compulsory education from seven to nine years. The reform may have influenced intergenerational mobility by several different mechanisms, both directly and indirectly through changing the degree of assortative mating. My results indicate that the reform indeed resulted in a sizeable increase in intergenerational income mobility, and in a lower educational association between children and parents. The reform also contributed to reducing the association in education between an individual’s partner and parents, which I interpret as an effect operating through reform effects on mating patterns.

Is the Gender Gap in School Performance Affected by the Sex of the Teacher?

Girls outperform boys in school. We investigate whether the gender performance gap can be attributed to the fact that the teacher profession is female dominated, that is, is there a causal effect on student outcomes from having a same-sex teacher? Exploring the fact that teacher turnover and student mobility give rise to variation in teacher’s gender within student and subject, we estimate the effect on student outcomes of changing to a teacher of the same sex. We find no strong support for our initial hypothesis that a same-sex teacher improves student outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Nationalekonomiska institutionen, 2006. 238 p.
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 68
Keyword
economics of education, family economics
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-1056 (URN)91-7155-274-X (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-06-16, hörsal 7, hus D, Universitetsvägen 10, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2006-05-24 Created: 2006-05-24 Last updated: 2012-02-14Bibliographically approved
2. Teachers, Family and Friends: Essays in Economics of Education
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Teachers, Family and Friends: Essays in Economics of Education
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Family background and school performance during a turbulent era of school reforms

In the 1990s, Swedish education policy took several steps towards more decentralization and more room for parental school choice. We study the relationship between school performance and family background during this period of time. We use two measures of family background; sibling correlations in grade point average (GPA) and correlations between the child’s GPA and parental income. We find that both relationships were remarkably stable over this turbulent period of time.

Is the Gender Gap in School Performance Affected by the Sex of the Teacher?

We investigate whether the gender performance gap can be attributed to the fact that the teacher profession is female dominated, that is, is there a causal effect on student outcome from having a same-sex teacher? We find no strong support for our initial hypothesis that a same-sex teacher improves student outcome.

Detracking Swedish compulsory schools – any losers, any winners?

In this paper I exploit the fact that different tracking policies were practiced simultaneously in Swedish compulsory schools, but also that tracking policies changed over time within schools. The results show that there are no average effects of tracking but differential effects. Students with a low-educated family background are more likely to fail math at high school if they have attended a school that practiced tracking than their non-tracked peers.

Estimating Peer Effects in Swedish High School using School, Teacher, and Student Fixed Effects.

In this paper I use a rich dataset in order to observe each student over time in different subjects and courses. I find positive peer effects for the average student, but also non-linear effects. Lower achievers benefit more from an increase in both mean and the spread in peer achievement within the classroom than their higher-achieving peers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Nationalekonomiska institutionen, 2007
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 72
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7091 (URN)978-91-7155-482-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-10-12, hörsal 4, hus B, Universitetsvägen 10, Stockholm, 13:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-09-20 Created: 2007-09-17 Last updated: 2012-02-14Bibliographically approved

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