Soot-Carbon Influenced Distribution of PCDD/F in the Marine Environment of the Grenlandsfjords, Norway
2002 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, Vol. 36, no 23, 4968-4974 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The particle associations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) were studied in both the water column and the surface sediments of a marine fjord system and were found to poorly obey expectations from the organic matter partitioning (OMP) paradigm. The field observations were instead consistent with the presence of a stronger sorbent subdomain such as pyrogenic soot-carbon (SC) playing an important role in affecting the environmental distribution and fate of PCDD/Fs. Solid-water distribution coefficients (Kd) of PCDD/Fs actually observed in the water column were several orders of magnitude above predictions from a commonly used OMP model. Even when these elevated Kd values were normalized to the particulate organic carbon (POC) content (i.e., KOC), the variability in KOC for individual PCDD/Fs at different fjord locations and seasons of factors 100-1000 suggested that bulk organic matter was not the governing sorbent domain of the suspended particles. Further, POC-normalized particle concentrations of PCDD/Fs (COC) in a vertical profile (surface water-bottom water-surface sediment) revealed a strong increasing trend with depth. Factors of about 100 higher COC for all PCDD/Fs in the sediment than in the surface water could not be explained by higher fugacity in the surrounding deep water nor with C:N or δ13C indexes of selective aging of the bulk organic matter. Instead this was hypothesized to reflect selective preservation of a more recalcitrant and highly sorbing, but minor, subdomain such as soot. The extent of enhanced PCDD/F sorption, above the OMP predictions, was positively correlated with the SC:POC ratio of the suspended particles in surface and deep waters. Finally, the geographical distribution of sedimentary PCDD/F concentrations were better explained by the SC content than by the bulk OC content of the sediment. Altogether, these field-based findings add to recent laboratory-based sorption studies to suggest that we need to consider both amorphous OC partitioning domains and SC particles as carriers of planar aromatic contaminants if we are to explain the environmental distribution and fate of pollutants such as PCDD/Fs. (54 refs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 36, no 23, 4968-4974 p.
fjord, marine pollution, particulate organic matter, partitioning, PCDD, PCDF
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-22770OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-22770DiVA: diva2:189414
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-112003-09-232003-09-232009-10-07Bibliographically approved