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”Båtnitar”: Analys och konservering av järnnitar från Birkas garnison
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
2006 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to analyse and discuss clinch-nails found at an excavation at terrace II in the Garrison of Birka, on the island of Björkö in Sweden. This type of clinch-nails is common in Viking age Sweden and is usually interpreted as coming from boats. The study will try to show that these types of nails could have been used in several kinds of wooden constructions. It will also show how the nails were made and what kinds of tools were used by the Viking smiths. The study has shown that this type of nails were used in several different types of wooden constructions such as boats, sleds, cart bodies, coffins, Birka's ramparts and buildings. Nothing confirms the use of rivets in Viking age buildings but the material from terrace II probably contains clinch-nails from the other categories. The largest portion of the clinch-nails comes from disused boats and from the ramparts surrounding Birka's hill fort Borg. The tools for making nails have not been found in the Birka Garrison.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
Viking Age, Birka, The Garrison, conservation, clinch-nails, wooden constructions, boats, fortification, archaeology
Keyword [sv]
arkeologi, vikingatid, Birka, Garnisonen, konservering, båtnitar, träkonstruktioner, båtar, befästningsverk
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-1151OAI: diva2:189485
Available from: 2006-06-30 Created: 2006-06-30Bibliographically approved

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