Women’s Career Patterns: A Study of Swedish Women Born in the 1950s
2007 (English)In: Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, ISSN 0963-1798, Vol. 80, no 3, 387-412 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Patterns of career development have been found to be an important factor for longterm career rewards and well-being. However, existing career models excessively focus on men or elite women and upon paid work, typically without considering other roles. Based on a life course perspective, this study aimed to identify women's career development patterns by examining the dynamic interactions between individuals' involvement in working life and other career-related domains of life. Career biographies, from the ages of 16 to 43, were recorded through retrospective reports from a representative sample of Swedish women (N = 549) participating in a longitudinal programme on individual development. Seven career-related activities were coded and combined into career sequences covering the entire period. Data were analysed using optimal matching, and nine distinct career patterns -- disparate in terms of the timing, ordering and duration of activities -- were identified. There were significant differences between the career patterns in early educational aspirations and early sexual experiences, as well as in life-role values and socio-economic status in middle age. With respect to the consequences of career patterns for well-being, there were significant differences in self-rated health but not in job satisfaction or life satisfaction. The diversity of patterns is discussed from a perspective that takes account of both life course theory and the choices made by individual women in a society that provides childcare facilities, parental leave and other types of support to working parents.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 80, no 3, 387-412 p.
*PSYCHOLOGY, Industrial *RESEARCH *PSYCHOLOGY, Applied *CAREER development *WOMEN -- Employment *SWEDES *JOB satisfaction *QUALITY of work life *OCCUPATIONS *SOCIOECONOMIC factors PSYCHOLOGICAL aspects
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-22836ISI: 000249494400002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-22836DiVA: diva2:189604
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-12162006-08-112006-08-112010-08-02Bibliographically approved