DNA fragmentaion and nuclear degradation during programmed cell death in the suspensor and endosperm of Vicia faba
2001 (English)In: International journal of plant sciences, ISSN 1058-5893, Vol. 162, no 5, 1053-1063 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In Vicia faba, both the suspensor and the endosperm are short‐lived structures. The aim of this work was to elucidate and compare programmed cell death (PCD) mechanisms in these two ephemeral tissues. To achieve this, we used the TdT‐mediated dUDP fluorescent (FITC) nick end labeling (TUNEL) technique to trace DNA fragmentation and transmission electron microscopy to follow chromosomal and nuclear degradation. The TUNEL experiments demonstrated DNA fragmentation in the endosperm nuclei 13 d after pollination (dap) and in the suspensor at 14 dap. However, the ultrastructural studies did not show any chromosomal degradation in the nuclei of the suspensor or endosperm until 17 dap, indicating that the DNA fragmentation is an initial step in the PCD pathway. We have further documented fundamental differences in the degeneration process of the nuclei of the two tissues. In the suspensor the heterochromatin becomes more condensed during degeneration and disperses to the nuclear periphery as electron‐dense areas. The nucleolus will keep its round and condensed shape for some time before expanding into an irregular body. In the endosperm the heterochromatin is more like a network throughout the nucleus, and the nucleolus will eventually split into pieces scattered inside the heterochromatin. Internal vesicle‐like structures appear in the nuclei of the suspensor at 11–13 dap. However, they might have a communicative function not necessarily related to the cell death. We conclude that both the suspensor and the endosperm go through PCD processes, but the pathways leading to dismantling of the cells do not follow identical routes in the two tissues. DNA fragmentation occurs in intact cells and within an intact nuclear envelope and not in cells that already are damaged. PCD in the endosperm precedes PCD in the suspensor, indicating that they might receive different signals or that the signal triggers different internal death programs in the two tissues.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 162, no 5, 1053-1063 p.
DNA fragmentation, endosperm, nucleus, programmed cell death, suspensor
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-22863DOI: 10.1086/321922OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-22863DiVA: diva2:189645
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-1232004-04-282004-04-282010-11-19Bibliographically approved