Dyadic interaction with a child with multiple disabilities: A system theory perspective on communication
2004 (English)In: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC, ISSN 0743-4618, E-ISSN 1477-3848, Vol. 20, no 4, 228-242 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A mutually rewarding communicative interaction with a child whose development is atypical presents unique challenges that have to be met through the implementation of unique strategies by both partners in a dyad. The aim of this study was to provide a description, interpretation, and model for communicative interaction in a particular dyad that comprised a child with severe multiple disabilities who functioned at a presymbolic level and his caregiver. A qualitative, inductive approach focused on process analysis was used to examine a videotaped interaction between a 6-year-old boy with severe multiple disabilities and his caregiver in a play session at pre-school. System theory was used as a theoretical and conceptual framework to analyse the communicative process. Co-regulation, consensual frames, and system dynamics were used as key concepts to examine how the behaviors of the child and the behaviors of the adult were related to each other and how the partners co-created meaning in their interaction. As a result of the analysis, two models are presented. The first is a model of how a hierarchical order of consensual frames is built. The second model is a process map that provides an illustration of the communication dynamics. It is suggested that a system theory approach could be a useful framework, not only to explain results, but also as an analytical tool to provide more dyad-specific interaction models as a basis for individualized interventions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 20, no 4, 228-242 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-22936DOI: 10.1080/07434610400005622OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-22936DiVA: diva2:189767