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Subjective Well-Being in Swedish Women
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present thesis concerns middle-aged women’s subjective well-being (SWB). The interest is focused on the importance of childhood factors, social circumstances, and personality for middle-aged women’s general SWB. Data were taken from the longitudinal research program Individual Development and Adaptation (IDA, Magnusson & Bergman, 2000) and concerned a sample of about 300 women. The main analyses were made on data collected at age 43, but data collected at age 13 and age 49 were also used to elucidate the purposes of this thesis. The results can be summarized as follows: 1) In a Swedish sample of middle-aged women, social circumstances had only a moderate effect on general SWB variables. The strongest relationship was found between marital status and global life satisfaction. When personality factors were controlled for, they wiped out nearly all relationships between the social circumstances variables and SWB, except for those between global life satisfaction and marital status or unemployment; 2) The level of general SWB was found to be considerably higher for Swedish employed women as compared to their counterparts in Lithuania and different socio-demographic variables predicted SWB in those two countries. For the Swedish sample, family-oriented variables were the strongest predictors of SWB, while for the Lithuanian sample income and educational level were more important; 3) Results from applying longitudinal structural equation modeling suggested that optimism in adolescence influenced optimism in middle age, which in its turn had both a direct influence on global life satisfaction and an indirect influence via the negative affect dimension. In relation to a number of different adjustment factors measured in adolescence it was found that optimism was the only factor that was constantly related to SWB 30 years later; 4) Typical patterns of general SWB were identified. Cluster analyses at age 43 and age 49 separately resulted in similar well-functioning six cluster solutions at both ages, indicating structural stability across six years. In addition to the typical high/low/average SWB clusters that could be to some degree expected from variable-oriented results, a cluster with intense affect and one with very low GLS emerged. All clusters except the latter one showed individual stability across six years.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Psykologiska institutionen , 2006. , 58 p.
Keyword [en]
women, subjective well-being, longitudinal, cluster analysis, social circumstances, personality
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-1278ISBN: 91-7155-337-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-1278DiVA: diva2:189775
Public defence
2006-10-16, David Magnussonsalen (U31), hus 8, Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2006-09-25 Created: 2006-09-25Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. The Importance of Social Circumstances for Swedish Women’s Subjective Well-Being
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Importance of Social Circumstances for Swedish Women’s Subjective Well-Being
2006 In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, Vol. 15, no 1, 27-36 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-22939 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-1278Available from: 2006-09-25 Created: 2006-09-25Bibliographically approved
2. Swedish and Lithuanian Employed Women’s Subjective Well-Being
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish and Lithuanian Employed Women’s Subjective Well-Being
2006 In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, Vol. 15, no Suppl.1, S23-S30 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-22940 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-1278Available from: 2006-09-25 Created: 2006-09-25Bibliographically approved
3. Childhood Roots of Women’s Subjective Well-Being: The Role of Optimism
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Childhood Roots of Women’s Subjective Well-Being: The Role of Optimism
2005 In: European Psychologist, ISSN 1016-9040, Vol. 10, no 4, 287-297 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-22941 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-1278Available from: 2006-09-25 Created: 2006-09-25Bibliographically approved
4. Stability of Typical Patterns of Subjective Well–Being in Middle–Aged Swedish Women
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stability of Typical Patterns of Subjective Well–Being in Middle–Aged Swedish Women
2007 (English)In: Journal of Happiness Studies, ISSN 1389-4978, E-ISSN 1573-7780, Vol. 10, no 3, 293-311 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Typical patterns of general subjective well-being (SWB) were searched for in a representative longitudinal sample of Swedish women (N = 272) at age 43 and 49. Cluster analysis at each age separately resulted in a six-cluster solution at both ages. The two solutions were similar, indicating structural stability across 6 years. Five of the six clusters also showed significant individual stability. Among these clusters, a generalized positive typical pattern and two generalized negative typical patterns were found, one characterized by very high negative affect and one characterized by very low global life satisfaction. A cluster characterized by above average positive and negative affect was also found as well as one characterized by low positive affect. A strong relationship was found between membership in an extreme cluster and the values in certain SWB-related variables, supporting the validity of the typical patterns found. Further, it was shown that cluster membership contributed to the prediction of some validation variables above the prediction achieved by using only SWB components entered as continuous variables, suggesting the presence of interactions and nonlinearities in the SWB area.

Keyword
Subjective well-being, Cluster analysis, Typical patterns, Person-oriented
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-22942 (URN)10.1007/s10902-007-9081-2 (DOI)
Available from: 2006-09-25 Created: 2006-09-25 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved

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