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The moderating role of personality characteristics on the relation between job insecurity and strain
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2005 (English)In: Work & Stress, ISSN 0267-8373, E-ISSN 1464-5335, Vol. 19, no 1, 37-49 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The experience of job insecurity has been linked to several different outcomes, such as negative attitudes towards work and the organization, turnover intention, as well as health complaints. However, since the strength of these effects have been found to vary across studies, it is vital to identify factors that could influence the relationships. The present study examines the moderating role of three personality characteristics (negative affectivity, positive affectivity, and external locus of control) on the relation between job insecurity and outcomes (mental health complaints, job dissatisfaction, and job-induced tension). Data from 400 nurses at a Swedish acute care hospital (response rate 71%; 91% women, aged 20-68 years) showed that both job insecurity and personality were related to strain. Also, the data indicated some buffering effect of personality. Despite the gender bias of the sample, the study provides additional support for the notion that job insecurity affects strain even after controlling for individual characteristics. The study also expands the literature on job insecurity by pointing out the influence of personality characteristics on the relationship between stressors and strain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 19, no 1, 37-49 p.
Keyword [en]
Job insecurity, job stress, nurses, personality characteristics, mental well-being, strain
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23017DOI: 10.1080/02678370500057850OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-23017DiVA: diva2:189913
Available from: 2004-05-06 Created: 2004-05-06 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Job insecurity from a stress perspective: Antecedents, consequences, and moderators
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Job insecurity from a stress perspective: Antecedents, consequences, and moderators
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The trend in working life to lower costs by reducing personnel or employing staff on short-term basis has brought uncertainty to many employment situations. Job insecurity is a phenomenon that has received growing attention in research as well as in working life. The present thesis considers job insecurity as a stressor. The focus is on the individual’s appraisal and interpretation of the situation along with the interaction that occurs between the individual and the situational characteristics in the shaping of this appraisal. The overall purpose of the thesis is to shed light on the concept of job insecurity from the perspective of transactional theories of stress.

The first objective of the thesis was to differentiate job insecurity from objective indicators of uncertainty in terms of outcomes. The second objective was to examine the extent to which different background variables could explain job insecurity experiences. The third objective was to establish, using meta-analytic techniques, to what extent job insecurity has negative outcomes for the individual and the organization. The final objective was to investigate the influence of personality characteristics in the relation between job insecurity and stress reactions. Using data from four European countries, the results of the first study indicate that the individual’s perception of job insecurity was more detrimental to well-being than objective uncertainty. The second study showed that most demographics were weak or inconsistent predictors of job insecurity, but also that temporary employment and blue-collar work were associated with higher levels of job insecurity. The meta-analysis also confirms that job insecurity is indeed associated with negative outcomes for individuals and organizations. The last study showed that the influence of job insecurity cannot be attributed to the disposition of the person experiencing job insecurity. Future research should focus on factors that help the individual in dealing with this stressor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Psykologiska institutionen, 2004. 86 p.
Keyword
job insecurity, appraisal, work-related attitudes, mental health complaints, somatic complaints, personality characteristics
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134 (URN)91-7265-849-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-05-27, David Magnussonsalen (U31), hus 8, Frescati hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-05-06 Created: 2004-05-06Bibliographically approved

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