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Loss of lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide production and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression in scrapie-infected N2a cells
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Neurochemistry.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Neurochemistry.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Neurochemistry.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Neurochemistry.
2003 (English)In: Journal of neuroscience research, ISSN 0360-4012, Vol. 71, no 2, 291-299 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In scrapie-infected cells, the conversion of the cellular prion protein to the pathogenic prion has been shown to occur in lipid rafts, which are suggested to function as signal transduction platforms. Neuronal cells may respond to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment with a sustained and elevated nitric oxide (NO) release. Because prions and the major LPS receptor CD14 are colocalized in lipid rafts, the LPS-induced NO production in scrapie-infected neuroblastoma cells was studied. This study shows that LPS induces a dose- and time-dependent increase in NO release in the murine neuroblastoma cell line N2a, with a 50-fold increase in NO production at 1 g/ml LPS after 96 hr, as measured by nitrite in the medium. This massive NO release was not caused by activation of the neuronal NO synthase (nNOS), but by increased expression of the inducible NOS (iNOS) mRNA and protein. However, in scrapie-infected N2a cells (ScN2a), the LPS-induced NO production was completely abolished. The absence of LPS-induced NO production in ScN2a was due not to abolished enzymatic activity of iNOS but to a complete inhibition of the LPS-induced iNOS gene expression as measured by Western blot and RT-PCR. These results indicate that scrapie infection inhibits the LPS-mediated signal transduction upstream of the transcriptional step in the signaling cascade and may reflect the important molecular and cellular changes induced by scrapie infection

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley Interscience , 2003. Vol. 71, no 2, 291-299 p.
National Category
Neurosciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23136DOI: 10.1002/jnr.10473OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-23136DiVA: diva2:190343
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-163Available from: 2004-05-13 Created: 2004-05-13 Last updated: 2009-12-21Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Alterations in receptor expression and function in scrapie-infected neuronal cell lines
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Alterations in receptor expression and function in scrapie-infected neuronal cell lines
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study shows that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces a robust, concentration-and time-dependent increase in nitric oxide (NO) production in the murine neuroblastoma cell line N2a by increased expression of iNOS. However, in scrapie-infected N2a cells (ScN2a), the LPS-induced NO production was completely abolished. The absence of LPS-induced NO production in ScN2a was not due to inhibited enzymatic activity of iNOS but a complete inhibition of the LPS-induced iNOS gene expression as measured by Western blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).

Furthermore, major changes in the protein tyrosine phosphorylation profile of scrapie-infected hypothalamic neurons (ScGT1-1) and ScN2a, compared to their uninfected counterparts were shown, by Western blot of whole cell extracts and of anti-phosphotyrosine immunoprecipitates, with major bands corresponding to120, 150 and 180 kD. Anti-phosphotyrosine blots of lectin-purified glycoproteins, indicated that some, but not all, of the proteins in the 120 kD band are glycosylated. Two phosphoproteins of ≈ 120 kDa were identified, the receptor tyrosine kinase, fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGFR2) and the cytoplasmic non-receptor tyrosine kinase proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (PYK2).

In addition, scrapie-infection induces important alterations in the expression, binding and signalling of two neurotrophic receptors, the insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) and the insulin receptor (IR) in ScN2a, as compared to uninfected N2a cells.

In ScN2a, the IGF-1R and IR protein levels were four- and two-fold increased, respectively, with an unexpected decrease in specific binding sites, as revealed by equilibrium binding studies. In the case of the IGF-1R, the apparent drop in binding sites was due to a seven-fold drop in IGF-1 affinity. Moreover, the IGF-1 stimulated IGF-1R tyrosine phosphorylation was increased in ScN2a when compared to the reduced affinity, possibly due to altered tyrosine kinase signalling in ScN2a. In the case of the IR, the binding affinity was unchanged, although insulin-stimulated IR tyrosine phosphorylation was increased.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutionen för neurokemi, 2004. 116 p.
National Category
Neurosciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-163 (URN)91-7265-890-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-06-04, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 12 A, Stockholm, 13:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-05-13 Created: 2004-05-13Bibliographically approved

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