Comparison of denuder and impinger sampling for determination of gaseous toluene diisocyanate (TDI)
2001 (English)In: Fresenius´ Journal of Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0937-0633, Vol. 371, no 1, 39-43 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
An air-sampling method employing denuders coated inside with a chemisorptive stationary phase has been evaluated for analysis of the hazardous gaseous 2,4 and 2,6 isomers of toluene diisocyanate (TDI). The denuder stationary phase consisted of polydimethylsiloxane (SE-30) to which dibutylamine (DBA) was added as a reagent for derivatization of TDI. The accuracy and precision of sampling by means of denuders were shown to differ only slightly from those of the established impinger method. The denuder method was, however, also shown to be suitable for long-term measurements (up to 8 h). The limit of determination (LOD) of the method, including LC-APCI-MS-MS analysis, was found to be 1.9 µg m-3 and 1.2 µg m-3 for 2,4- and 2,6-TDI, respectively, for short-term measurements (15 min). Significant lower LOD was obtained for long-term measurements.This is well below the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 8-h TWA (time weighted average) exposure limit, which is 40 µg m-3 for the sum of the TDI isomers. The denuder method was also found to be robust and easy to handle. The samplers can be prepared several days before sampling with no loss in performance. The contents of denuders should, on the other hand, be extracted immediately after sampling to prevent degradation of the isocyanate derivatives formed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: Springer , 2001. Vol. 371, no 1, 39-43 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23140DOI: 10.1007/s002160100924OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-23140DiVA: diva2:190380
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-1662004-05-132004-05-132009-12-21Bibliographically approved