Evaluation of denuder sampling for a mixture of three common gaseous diisocyanates
2003 (English)In: Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, ISSN 1618-2642, Vol. 375, no 6, 786-791 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A denuder sampler has been evaluated for a mixture of three gaseous diisocyanates, i.e. toluene diisocyanate (TDI), hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) and isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI). Sampling was performed at a total concentration of diisocyanates close to the Swedish occupational exposure limit (OEL), which is 10 ppbv (69–92 µg m–3), for a 5-min period. The denuder tube was coated with a chemosorptive stationary phase consisting of SE-30 (polydimethylsiloxane) and the derivatising reagent dibutylamine (DBA). It was shown that the denuder has a collection efficiency for HDI and IPDI comparable to that of an impinger method, while sampling of TDI resulted in an 8% lower concentration. Both short-term (15 min) and long-term (8 h) sampling periods were shown to yield reproducible results. For 8-h measurements, a sampling flow rate of 5 mL min–1 was shown to be suitable for the investigated concentration range, i.e. 10–100 ppbv (69–921 µg m–3). A flow rate of 25 mL min–1 or higher resulted in breakthrough after 8 h due to chromatography of the compounds in the adsorbent. The limit of detection (LOD) for the air sampling method is nearly 500 times lower than the OEL. The denuder tubes can be prepared at least 10 days prior to sampling without degradation of performance. Furthermore, they can be stored up to 6 days in a freezer after sampling without significant loss of analytes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: Springer , 2003. Vol. 375, no 6, 786-791 p.
Denuder sampling - Polydimethylsiloxane adsorbent - Derivatisation with dibutylamine - Gaseous diisocyanates - Toluene diisocyanate - Hexamethylene diisocyanate - Isophorone diisocyanate
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23141DOI: 10.1007/s00216-003-1784-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-23141DiVA: diva2:190381
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-1662004-05-132004-05-132009-12-21Bibliographically approved