Investigation of a cylindrical chemosorptive denuder for sampling and phase separation of toluene diisocyanate aerosols
2005 (English)In: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, ISSN 1618-2642, Vol. 382, no 5, 1294-1299 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A cylindrical chemosorptive denuder in series with a glass fibre filter has been evaluated for sampling toluene diisocyanate (TDI) aerosols. The sampler is designed for measuring personal exposure to diisocyanates. Several denuder coatings and derivatising reagents were investigated. Dimethylpolysiloxane (SE-30) and 5% phenyl dimethylpolysiloxane (SE-54) with either dibutylamine (DBA) or dipentylamine (DPeA) as derivatising reagents yielded the lowest vapour breakthrough (the amount (%) of the vapour that passes through the denuder), close to values predicted by theory. Immobilisation of the SE-30 denuder coating by in-situ cross-linking yielded comparable results. With an SE-30/DBA-coated denuder operating within an airflow range of 100–500 mL min<sup>−1</sup>, the phase separation was shown to be consistent with theoretical predictions derived by use of the Gormley–Kennedy equation. This provides a means of calculating the vapour breakthrough and correcting experimentally obtained values with regard to vapour–particulate phase distribution, suggesting that the denuder can provide accurate phase-distribution measurements. The SE-30/DBA denuder can be used over a concentration range spanning nearly six orders of magnitude. Its capacity is sufficient to perform 15-min exposure measurements of a TDI aerosol with air concentrations as high as 1,700 μg m<sup>−3</sup>, 40 times higher than the Swedish occupational exposure limit (OEL). At the other end of the range, the estimated limit of detection (LOD) was less than 2 ng m<sup>−3</sup> for both the vapour and the aerosol phases when LC–ESI–MS–MS was used for chemical analysis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 382, no 5, 1294-1299 p.
Chemosorptive sampling, Cylindrical denuder, Toluene diisocyanate
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23143OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-23143DiVA: diva2:190383
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-1662004-05-132004-05-132009-10-27Bibliographically approved